Chlamydia as an STD

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease or infection (STD) that affects both men and women. People with many sex partners, infrequent use of condoms, or a history of STD infection, have an increased risk of Chlamydia infection.

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?

Symptoms of Chlamydia are often mild or absent and the complications of an untreated infection can be severe. The most common Chlamydia symptoms usually begin to appear 1 to 3 weeks after infection, though they are often mild.

Chlamydia symptoms are:

  • Painful urination

  • Discharge from the vagina or penis

  • Painful sex (in women)

  • Testicular pain

Left untreated, Chlamydia can cause serious complications in men and women.

Some complications

  • A person who has a history of a prior Chlamydia infection has an increased risk of being infected with other STDs or HIV

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) or infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes

  • Infection near the testicles

  • Prostate gland infection.

  • Infections in newborns such as pneumonia or an eye infection

  • Infertility

  • Conjunctivitis (eye infection)

What are the causes of Chlamydia

Chlamydia infection occurs when a bacteria is passed on during vaginal, oral or anal sex. Ejaculation is not necessary for infection to take place. Chlamydia can also be passed on by a mother to her newborn child during childbirth.

How to test for Chlamydia

During a pelvic examination a doctor will extract a sample of vaginal or penile fluid that will be sent to a laboratory for analysis. Because so many people experience no symptoms of infection, screening should be done as routinely as possible for people who are sexually active.

UDoTest offers a discreet home urine STD test to help detect the symptoms of Chlamydia. Our test is safe, convenient and affordable and can be done in your own time. UDoTests are analysed in accredited pathology labs and by doctors using the latest technology. Easy to interpret results are received online. 

Treatment of an infection

Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics and is usually resolved within 1 to 2 weeks. If you’re taking treatment for Chlamydia, you should abstain from sex until your doctor says it’s safe. Even if your partner also has Chlamydia, you should abstain from sex as there is a risk of re-infection.

How to prevent Chlamydia

  • Use condoms during sexual intercourse

  • Limit the number of sexual partners

  • Go for regular testing.

  • Avoid vaginal douching as this reduces the number of good bacteria in the vagina, making infection with Chlamydia easier

Who should get tested?

Because there are often no signs of Chlamydia, and the complications of untreated infection can be severe, those who are at risk should go for regular Chlamydia screening.

  • Anyone who has had unprotected sex

  • Those with multiple sex partners

  • Pregnant women

  • Young women between the ages of 15 to 25 years

  • Anyone who has had a previous STD

  • Babies born to mothers with Chlamydia infection

  • Anyone with symptoms


Chlamydia:CDC fact sheet. Center for Disease Control and Prevention.  Accessed on 9 August2013.